Condenser is a device used to transfer a heat, while gas or vapour transforms into liquid medium heat exchanger using condenser. Condenser transforms heat, while steam enters using cold water to reduce heat of the steam and gives the condensed or pure water. Condensers are in three main types they are AIR COOLED CONDENSER, WATER COOLED CONDENSER & EVAPORATIVE COOLED CONDENSER.
|HOT MEDIUM||COLD MEDIUM|
|Flow rate||Flow rate|
|Inlet temperature||Inlet temperature|
|Outlet temperature||Outlet temperature|
|Pressure drop||Pressure drop|
Water cooled condenser transfer the heat using water as a cooling medium. Condenser are used to transfer a heat in water cooled condenser the steam inside the tubes of multiple phase while cold water is passing on nozzle inlet is used to condensed the steam and gives liquid state and condensed water is used for recirculation process. Baffles cooling systems design and manufacturers of condenser in different shapes vertical, horizontal and tube type used in air conditioner. In water cooled condenser consist of copper coil located in steel shell using copper coil cooling medium water is flow through steel shell and transfer the heat.
Air cooled condenser is used for efficient heat rejection process. Air cooled condenser is also called as coil condenser, its use copper or aluminium coil for heat rejection process. This type using fans to spray the atmospheric air inside the condenser to cooled water or steam and transfer into a liquid state, while compare to water cooled condenser it occupies large area, good quality.
Air cooled condenser is of two type of process natural convection and forced convection. Natural convection of air cooled condenser the air flows depending upon the temperature of the condenser coil. In forced convection of air cooled condenser the fan operated by a motor blows air over the condenser coil.
Evaporative condenser is a combination of air cooled condenser & water cooled condenser. In evaporative condenser condensing coils are constructed using heavy stainless steel pipes to provide maximum efficiency, hot refrigerant flows through the coil, water spray over it and fan drag atmospheric air from the bottom of condenser and discharge vapour from the top side of condenser.
The spraying water that comes in contact with coil, while hot medium get evaporated in the air and it absorbs the heat from condenser cools the refrigerant and condensing it. Evaporative condenser occupies less space and requires the proper maintenance.
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